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Gold appreciates toward all-time highs on Fed’s dovish hold

Gold prices skyrocketed late in the North American session after the Federal Reserve decided to keep rates unchanged but upward revised the Federal Funds Rates (FFR) projections for 2025. At the time of writing, XAU/USD trades volatile around the $2170-$2180 area, posting gains of more than 1%.

The US central bank has kept rates at 5.25%-5.50% unchanged and maintained their balance sheet reduction at the same pace since May 2023. In their statement, Fed officials underscored the US economy’s solidity and the labor market’s robustness. They have acknowledged the progress on inflation but also emphasized that the job is incomplete. They have stated that the risks to achieving their dual mandate are moving into a better balance, and they will continue to rely on data for their decisions.

The Fed Chair Jerome Powell echoed his and colleagues’ previous remarks, saying that more evidence is needed before cutting rates for the first time. When asked about tolerance for higher inflation, he said they expected a “bumpy road” on the disinflation process toward the Fed’s 2% goal. He added that higher-than-expected inflation figures at the start of the year didn’t change the broader story that price gains were slowing

Daily digest market movers: Gold stays firm amid weak US Dollar.

After posting two months of surprisingly high inflation reports, the Federal Reserve tweaked its monetary policy expectations for 2025, though for 2024 the median stood at 4.6% as in December. Nevertheless, they upward revised the FFR from 3.6% to 3.9% in 2025. Additional figures were updated:
The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for 2024 was revised to 2.1% up from 1.4% in December.

The Unemployment Rate was not revised, as is expected to remain at 4.0% down from 4.1%.

The Personal Consumption Expenditure (PCE) Price Index target wasn’t changed, remaining at 2.4%, while core PCE is estimated to end 2024 at 2.6%, up from 2.4%.

The latest US economic data witnessed mixed business activity readings, making it challenging to predict the pace of economic deceleration in the US. The labor market has shown signs of cooling, though the economy added more people to the workforce than expected, while fewer people applied for unemployment benefits.

Recent inflation data in the US showed that inflation on the consumer and producer side surprised to the upside, suggesting that inflation is stickier than expected.

Given the backdrop, Fed Chair Jerome Powell’s testimony at the US Congress earlier this month, suggesting the Fed would begin to cut borrowing costs, were justified. However, last week’s inflation figures and Retail Sales data triggered a repricing of Fed rate cut bets, aligning with the US central bank’s view of 75 basis points of easing toward the end of 2024.

According to the CME FedWatch Tool, expectations for a June rate cut stand at 64%, down from 72% a week ago.

Technical analysis: Gold traders push XAU/USD north of $2,170

XAU/USD price hovers around $2,150 unmoved ahead of the FOMC decision. A dovish tilt could open the door for a rally that prompts a jump in Gold prices, opening the door to challenge the all-time high (ATH) at $2,195.15. A retest there would expose $2,200 next.

On the other hand, if Gold spot price tumbles below $2,150, look for a breach below December’s 3 high, exposing the March 6 low of $2,123.80, followed by $2,100.

Source: FXstreet